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How to Install a Water Softener – Step by Step Guide

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Step by Step Water Softener Installation with Video

Water that goes through home water softeners and gets piped through your plumbing is not 100% pure. Water that is not purified, or unprocessed usually contain minerals like calcium and magnesium. The more calcium and magnesium your water contains, the harder it becomes.

Check - Do You Need a Water Softener?

The hardness of your water is determined by the number of grains per gallon or the GPG. One to ten GPG is acceptable, even an eleven to eighteen GPG is tolerable. But when it reaches over eighteen GPG it can start to damage your water pipes. At this point, water treatment will be necessary to lower your GPG count in order to avoid damage and blockage of the pipes.

Hard water can also destroy your appliances aside from ruining your water pipes. Getting home water softeners installed in your house can minimize the damaging effects of hard water. Water softening systems differ and each one come with specific installation directions.

Basic Installation Tips for Higher Efficiency

Some parts of the installation process are shared by most systems. These simple tips will guide you through the steps of installing your water system. If you are placing a water softening device in your home, it will help to know basic installation tips to make your appliance work more efficiently.

Where to place the Water Softener Tank?

Indoor Installation

The first important thing you should keep in mind about installing home water softeners is to keep the device indoors and make sure you place them in a dry place with constant temperatures. If your system uses multiple tanks, keep them close to each other and let the tanks have easy access to the brine tank because you will need to refill it often.

Outdoor Installation

In case you need to put your tank outdoors, place it in the shade away from sunlight. You can also use a cover that protects it from direct sunlight and extreme weather. You should also install your system near an electrical outlet and a drain of at least one and a half inches wide.

Incase Your Water Softener Uses Tabulator

If your softening system uses a big 64,000-grain tank or if it uses a tabulator, then you may have to construct a gravel under a bed before installing your water softening system. The tubular mixes and stirs the resin during the back washing process to get iron sediments out, but not all home water softeners have tabulators.

After you place the gravel, follow the rest of the instructions on the manual and install the bypass valve and pipes to connect the water. The instructions enclosed with your appliance should tell you how to connect your softening device to your home plumbing system.

Once you have hooked up your system, connect the home water softeners control valve to the brine tank, then connect the brine tank overflow to the ground drain. Test the system by turning the backwash cycle on to make sure that the appliance is not leaking.

Following the Instruction in Installation Manual

You should also study the installation instructions that come with your home water softeners because each device has particular differences aside from general instructions. Some basic installation procedures and preparations are similar to each other as stated above.

We always feel its best to contact a professional for the installation of a water softener in your home. But if you're handy, or a DIY'er, our friends at This Old House show you how to install a water softener at your home in the video below.

How to Install a Water Softener - Video

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